Visual Skills Appraisal-2 (VSA-2)
Author: Regina Richards, MA
The VSA provides an easy way to screen for common visual skill difficulties that can impact academic performance and participation, including reading and writing tasks by way of five items that assess binocular, ocular-motility, and visual-motor skills. The VSA requires minimal equipment and can be administered as part of a school’s annual vision screening program or with students who present with visual skill concerns to determine need for further optometric evaluation.
- Pursuits (Object Tracking) – Assess the child’s ability to smoothly track vertically, horizontally, and in a circle.
- Scanning (Trails) – Assess the child’s ability to accurately and efficiently visually follow intersecting lines between two points.
- Aligning (Push-Ups) – Assess the child’s near point of convergence and screen for strabismus and phorias.
- Locating/Saccadic Eye Movements (Numbers) – Assess the child’s ability to accurately and efficiently move the eyes between two visual targets.
- Eye-Hand Coordination (Design Completion) – Assess the child’s ability to accurately complete six unfinished forms when presented with a visual model to copy.
NOTE: The VSA-2 is currently in production with an anticipated publication date in 2019.
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