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Test of Expressive Language (TEXL)

Authors: Elizabeth Carrow-Woolfolk, PhD / Elizabeth A. Allen, PhD

  • Expressive Language
  • Individual Administration
  • Ages 3 through 12
  • Norm-Referenced
  • Qualification Level B

This new assessment of expressive language is a companion test to the TACL4, which tests receptive language. The TEXL measures the ability to produce various facets of expressive language:

  • Vocabulary: Nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs, and words that represent basic percepts and concepts
  • Grammatical Morphemes: Function words (prepositions, pronouns, determiners) and inflections (bound morphemes such as noun number and case, verb number and tense, nounverb agreement, and derivational suffixes)
  • Elaborated Phrases and Sentences: Syntactically based word relations and elaborated phrase and sentence constructions, including interrogative sentences, negative sentences, active and passive voice, direct and indirect object, embedded sentences, and partially and completely conjoined sentences

    Each item is composed of a word or sentence and a corresponding picture plate. The examiner reads the stimulus aloud and the student is asked to answer a question, finish a sentence, or combine sentences. The TEXL test items are ordered by difficulty within each subtest. Age-related entry points, basals, and ceilings minimize testing time.

    Norms for the TEXL are based on a nationally representative sample of 1,205 children. The TEXL was co-normed with the TACL-4, which assesses receptive language. Reliability and validity studies were conducted using both individuals with normal language abilities and those with a diagnosis of learning disability, ADHD, deaf or hard of hearing, articulation disorder, language impairment, autism spectrum disorder, or intellectual disorder. Internal consistency coefficients alpha were between .93 and .95 for the subtests, and .97 for the Expressive Language Index. Concurrent validity with popular criterion measures of expressive language ranged from .72 to .86.

    Administration and Scoring
    Testing takes 2030 minutes. Raw scores can be converted to percentile ranks, standard scores, and age equivalents.

  • Item

    Item No.






    Test Kit: Manual, Picture Book, 25 Examiner Record Booklets and TACL-4/TEXL Comprehensive Scoring Supplement, all in sturdy storage box


    Components (Sold Separately)

    Item No.






    25 Examiner Record Booklets


    See Also... (Sold Separately)


    Item No. / Product Title



    Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test-4 (EOWPVT-4)



    Test of Childhood Stuttering (TOCS)



    Test of Semantic Reasoning (TOSR)



    Test of Language Development (Primary) - 4th Edition (TOLD-P:4)



    Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test - 3 (SPELT-3)



    Pragmatic Language Skills Inventory (PLSI)


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