Reading Intervention

High Noon Books: Hundreds of phonics-Based, hi-lo, and Lexiled reading materials
for at-risk, ESL, and struggling readers.


Professional Development

Arena Press: Teaching Reading Sourcebook,
Assessing Reading: Multiple Measures,and Word ID: Assessment Across
the Content Areas


Test of Nonverbal Intelligence - 4th Edition (TONI-4)

Authors: Linda Brown, PhD / Rita J. Sherbenou, PhD / Susan K. Johnsen, PhD

  • Language-Free Cognition / Reasoning
  • Individual Administration
  • Ages 6 through 89
  • Norm-Referenced
  • Qualification Level B


The Test of Nonverbal Intelligence - Fourth Edition is a practical, easy-to-use, norm-referenced instrument that measures an individual's intelligence. The administration and response format are pragmatic with simple oral instructions, requiring test takers to answer only with simple but meaningful gestures such as pointing, nodding, or blinking. This test is ideal for those who have language, hearing, or motor impairments, or are not familiar with mainstream American culture.


  • All new normative data were collected to ensure proper representation of demographic changes in the U.S. population.
  • Stratification variables include the four geographic regions in which subjects reside, their gender, race and ethnicity, parental education, and family/household socioeconomic status.
  • Potential bias in test items related to gender, ethnicity, disability, and race is analyzed.
  • Additional test reliability and validity is offered for the entire normative sample and also for specific subgroups of the sample to account for cognitive ability, race, ethnicity, and gender.
  • Each test item was reevaluated using both item analytic techniques and differential item functioning analyses.
  • Floor effects have been eliminated.
  • Verbal and pantomime directions are provided.
  • In addition to English, included are instructions in seven other major foreign languages: Spanish, French, German, Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean, and Tagalog.

Administration and Scoring

The TONI-4 has two equivalent forms: Form A and Form B. Each form consists of 60 items, all of which are abstract/figural (i.e., void of pictures or cultural symbols), thus educational, cultural, or experiential backgrounds will not adversely affect test results. All items are arranged in easy-to-difficult order. Each item contains one or more of the eight salient characteristics: (1) shape, (2) position, (3) direction, (4) rotation, (5) contiguity, (6) shading, (7) size, and (8) movement. Easier items contain one or two characteristics while more difficult items contain several. Both forms can also be used for research purposes and periodic reevaluation.


Item No.






Test Kit: Manual, Picture Book, Critical Reviews and Research Findings (1982-2009), 50 Form A Answer Booklet and Record Forms, 50 Form B Answer Booklet and Record Forms


Components (Sold Separately)

Item No.






50 Form A Record Forms



50 Form B Record Forms


See Also... (Sold Separately)


Item No. / Product Title



Comprehensive Test of Nonverbal Intelligence - 2nd Edition (CTONI-2)



Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning (WRAML-2)



Primary Test of Nonverbal intelligence (PTONI)



Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test - 2 (K-BIT-2)



Test of Information Processing Skills (TIPS)



Test of Memory and Learning - 2 (TOMAL-2)


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