Test of Auditory Processing Skills- 3 Spanish Bilingual Edition (TAPS-3:SBE)
Author(s): Nancy Martin, PhD
- Auditory Processing
- Ages 5-0 through 18-11
- Individual Administration
- Norm-Referenced (U.S. Spanish-bilingual speakers)
- Qualification Level B
The Spanish-bilingual version of the Test of Auditory Processing Skills, 3rd Edition (TAPS-3:SBE) is a norm-referenced, individually administered assessment of auditory skills commonly used in academic and everyday activities by Spanish speakers aged 5 to 18 years. It provides a way to identify any particular auditory process that the examinee may be having difficulties with, to allow for better remediation strategies to be planned. (It is not intended to assess language proficiency.) While this assessment is administered in Spanish and responses are expected to be in Spanish, the examiner may use English to give directions if necessary, and English responses may be accepted if the meaning is the same as the intended response.
This assessment was developed to be used by speech-language pathologists, audiologists, school psychologists and other clinicians who are interested in, and have been trained to assess, ability to comprehend auditory information.This Spanish version is NOT just a translation, but also includes items that are equivalent to the English version that were developed with the assistance of Spanish-bilingual professionals. The norms are specific to this Spanish version and are not generalizable to the English version. This assessment is untimed, but is generally completed in about one hour (plus five minutes if the optional Auditory Figure-Ground subtest on CD is used) and scored in about 15 minutes.
The structure of the TAPS-3:SBE is the same as the English version and represents current views of auditory processing, with tasks progressing from the most basic skills to the most complex. Allowances were made for language and grammar differences. The sentences and passages for the last three subtests were written specifically for the Spanish-bilingual version, with the assistance of Spanish-bilingual school psychology and speech professionals. Like the English version, the subtest and index score structures were confirmed by factor analysis.
The nine TAPS-3:SBE subtests provide information for four main areas (reflected as Index scores). Subtests (and items within each subtest) progress from the most basic skills to the most complex. In addition, an optional auditory figure-ground (auditory attention) subtest is presented on CD. The indices and subtests are:
Auditory Attention: Optional Auditory Figure-Ground screener presented at the start of the test session.
Basic Phonological Skills:
Subtest 1: Word Discrimination
Subtest 2: Phonological Segmentation
Subtest 3: Phonological Blending
Subtest 4: Number Memory Forward
Subtest 5: Number Memory Reversed
Subtest 6: Word Memory
Subtest 7: Sentence Memory
Subtest 8: Auditory Comprehension
Subtest 9: Auditory Reasoning
The scoring guidelines are the same as used in the English version and include these features:
- Partial credit for test responses allow a more accurate rendering of abilities
- Three Index scores (Basic Phonological Skills, Auditory Memory, and Auditory Cohesion) are derived using combinations of subtest scores; these reflect functional areas indicated by current literature
- Overall score is based on the sum of all subtest scaled scores
Individual subtests are reported as scaled scores, while cluster scores (Phonological Skills, Memory, and Cohesion) and the overall score are reported standard scores; percentile ranks and age equivalents are also provided.
NOTE: Examinees with suspected hearing loss or central processing deficits should be referred for audiological testing prior to assessment with the TAPS-3:SBE, since peripheral hearing problems will interfere with performance of the tasks presented. Likewise, known or suspected attention problems should be assessed prior to assessment with the TAPS-3:SBE, since attention deficits will also interfere with TAPS-3:SBE tasks.